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学习小儿推拿手法要注意哪些事项?
来源:http://www.bbtndoctor.com添加时间:2018-04-13 16:48:53
1、小儿推拿适用于0--14周岁的儿童。
1. Children's massage is suitable for children aged 0--14.
2、做小儿推拿时,应选择避风、避强光、噪音小的地方;室内应保持清静、整洁,空气清新、温度适宜。做小儿推拿后,应注意避风,忌食生冷。
2, when doing pediatric massage, we should choose shelter from wind, avoid light and noise. Indoor should keep quiet and clean, clean air and suitable temperature. Do massage for children, should pay attention to shelter, eat cold.
3、做小儿推拿时,家长要保持双手清洁,摘去戒指、手镯等饰物。指甲要常修剪,刚剪过的指甲,一定要用指甲锉锉平。冬季推拿时双手宜暖。
3, when doing child massage, parents should keep their hands clean and pick up accessories such as rings, bracelets and so on. Nails should be trimmed regularly. Nails that have just been cut must be kept with nail file. The hands should be warm during the winter massage.
4、小儿过饥或过饱,均不利于小儿推拿疗效的发挥。在小儿哭闹之时,要先安抚好小儿的情绪,再进行小儿推拿。
4, children suffer from hunger or overeating are not conducive to the efficacy of pediatric massage. When crying in children, we should first comfort the mood of children, and then carry out massage for children.
推拿按摩
5、小儿皮肤娇嫩,小儿推拿时切勿抓破小儿皮肤。家庭推拿一般可使用油或爽身粉等介质,以防推拿时皮肤破损。
5, children's skin is tender, do not grasp children's skin when children massage. The family can be used massage oil or powder and other media, to prevent manipulation of damaged skin.
6、小儿推拿手法的操作顺序:一般先头面,次上肢,再胸腹腰背,后是下肢;也可先重点,后一般;或先主穴,后配穴。“拿、掐、捏、捣”等强刺激手法,除急救以外,一般放在后操作,以免小儿哭闹不安,影响治疗的进行。小儿推拿手法操作时间的长短,应根据病情、体质而定,因病因人而异。在临床实践中推法、揉法运用较多,做摩法用的时间较长。运用掐法、按法时,手法要重、少、快。如果仅推拿一侧手部穴位,可不论男女,均推拿左手。
6, the operation sequence of children's manipulation: first, second upper limbs, then chest and back, and finally the lower limbs; also the first focus, then the general; or the first point, then with the acupoint. "Strong manipulation such as taking, pinching, kneading and tamping" is usually placed on the last operation except emergency treatment, so as to prevent children from crying and disturbing and influence the treatment. The length of operation in children's massage should be determined according to the condition and physique, and the disease varies from person to person. In clinical practice, there are more methods of pushing and kneading, and the time of rubbing is longer. When we use pinch method and press method, we should be heavier, less and faster. If we only massage one side of the hand, both men and women can massage their left hands.
7、一般情况下,小儿推拿一次总的时间为10—20分钟。但是由于病情和小儿年龄的不同,在推拿次数和时间上也有一定的差别。年龄大、病情重,推拿次数多,时间相对长。反之,次数少,时间短。一般每日1次,重症每日2次。需长时间治疗的慢性病7天至10天为1个疗程。1个疗程结束后,可休息数日,然后进行下一个疗程的治疗。小儿推拿网提醒您:做小儿推拿,针对不同的系统,可以进行每日1次或隔日1次的规律性推拿。推拿时穴位可以相对治疗时少取,刺激程度应略低,时间可以保持在15分钟左右。
7, under general circumstances, the total time of child massage is 10 to 20 minutes. However, due to the difference between the condition and the age of the child, there are certain differences in the frequency and time of tuina. The age is large, the condition is heavy, the massage frequency is many, the time is relatively long. On the other hand, the number of times is short and the time is short. 1 times a day, 2 times a day. Chronic diseases requiring long time treatment are 1 courses of treatment from 7 days to 10 days. After the 1 course of treatment, rest for several days, then proceed to the next course of treatment. The child massage net reminds you: do children massage, for different systems, you can carry out regular massage 1 times a day or 1 times every other day. Massage therapy acupoint can be relatively less, the degree of stimulation should be slightly lower, the time can be kept in 15 minutes.
8、小儿推拿手法的基本要求是:均匀、柔和、轻快、持久。
8, the basic requirements of pediatric massage are: uniform, gentle, light and durable.
9、在施行小儿推拿手法时要注意小儿的体位姿势,原则上以使小儿舒适为宜,并能消除其恐惧感,同时还要便于操作。
9, in the implementation of children's manipulation of the manipulation of children should pay attention to the position of the position of children, in principle, in order to make children comfortable, and can eliminate their fear, and at the same time it is also easy to operate.

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