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中医上对小儿推拿的知识介绍
来源:http://www.bbtndoctor.com添加时间:2018-04-17 19:57:29
中医小儿推拿按摩
Massage and massage for children in traditional Chinese Medicine
是建立在祖国医学整体观念的基础上,以阴阳五行、脏腑经络等学说为理论指导,运用各种手法刺激穴位,使经络通畅、气血流通,以达到调整脏腑功能、治病保健目的的一种方法。
On the basis of the overall concept of the medicine of the motherland, the five elements of yin and Yang and the meridian and collaterals of the viscera are used as the theoretical guidance to stimulate the acupoints by various means to make the channels and collaterals smooth and air blood circulation in order to adjust the function of the viscera and to cure the health and health purposes.
中医小儿按摩推拿的治疗法则与内治法基本一样,谨守病机,以期治病求本,调整阴阳,扶正祛邪。在中医基础理论的指导下,广泛应用于小儿泄泻、呕吐、食积、厌食、便秘、腹痛、脱肛、感冒、咳嗽、哮喘、发热、遗尿、夜啼、肌性斜颈、落枕、惊风等疾病,有较好的效果。
TCM Massage therapy is basically the same as internal treatment. We should follow the mechanism of disease, so as to cure the disease and adjust the Yin and Yang, strengthening the vital energy and eliminating the evil. Under the guidance of the basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine, it has been widely used in children's diarrhea, vomiting, food, anorexia, constipation, abdominal pain, anus, cold, cough, asthma, fever, enuresis, night crow, myogenic torticollis, pillow, shock, and so on.
由于小儿肌肤娇嫩、神气怯弱,因此在推拿治病时,特别要注意手法,强调轻柔、渗透,要求轻快柔和,平稳着实。
Because of the delicate and delicate skin of the child's skin, in the treatment of the massage, we should pay special attention to the manipulation, emphasizing the soft and permeable, the gentle and smooth and smooth and smooth.
操作的基本手法有:推法、揉法、按法、摩法、掐法、搓法、拿法、运法、捏法、擦法、捣法、捻法、刮法、摇法、拍法。除了基本手法外,在几百年的临床实践中,医家逐步总结出一些有固定程序且有特定名称的操作方法,这些操作方法往往是用一种手法在一个穴位或几个穴位上进行,故现称“复式操作法”,如黄蜂入洞、打马过天河、运水入土等。
小儿推拿按摩培训中心学员实拍
The basic methods of operation are: pushing, kneading, pressing, rubbing, pinching, rubbing, holding, transporting, kneading, rubbing, ramming, twisting, scraping, shaking, and pat. In addition to the basic techniques, in several hundred years of clinical practice, doctors have gradually summed up some methods of operation with fixed procedures and specific names. These methods are often carried out on one point or several acupoints with one technique. Therefore, the "compound operation" is now known as the "compound operation", such as the wasp entering the hole, the horse crossing the Tianhe River and the transportation of water. Soil and so on.
推拿时,应按顺序依次操作,以免遗漏。应先轻手法,如推、揉、运等,后重手法,如掐、捏、拿等;先头面,次上肢,再下肢,后是胸腹腰背。
Massage should be operated sequentially in order to avoid omission. We should first light manipulation, such as pushing, kneading, transporting and so on. After heavy manipulation, such as pinching, kneading, holding, etc., we should start with face, upper limbs, lower limbs, and finally chest, abdomen and back.
小儿推拿按摩所使用的穴位,根据其手法操作可分为直线、旋转及垂直方向,可根据操作方向来决定补泻原则。
The acupoints used in children massage can be classified into straight line, rotation and vertical direction according to their manipulations, and the principle of reinforcing and reducing can be decided according to the direction of operation.
直线方向
Linear direction
主要是应用推、捏等法施于直线状穴位。总的补泻原则为:向心方向推为补法,离心方向推为泻法,来回推为平补平泻法。有些非特定穴在经络线上,它们共同的补泻原则是:顺经方向推为补,逆经方向推为泻,来回推为平补平泻。
It mainly applies push and pinch methods to straight line acupoints. The total reinforcing principle: centripetal push for reinforcing method, centrifugal direction is reducing, pushed back and forth as a reinforcing reducing method. Some non specific points in meridians and collaterals, their common reinforcing and reducing principles are: the direction of meridian is pushed to fill up, the direction of adverse circulation is pushed to diarrhea, and it is pushed back to flat and complementary diarrhea.
旋转方向
Rotation direction
多用于揉、运、摩等手法,施于面、点状穴位。总的补泻原则是:顺时针方向旋转为补,逆时针方向旋转为泻,双向旋转为平补平泻。如果是左右对称的两个穴位时,其补泻原则为:向内旋转为补,向外旋转为泻,双向旋转为平补平泻。
It is mainly used for kneading, transporting and rubbing. The general principle of reinforcing and reducing is to rotate in clockwise direction, to rotate in counterclockwise direction, and to rotate evenly in two directions. If the two acupoints are symmetrical, the principle of reinforcing and reducing is internal rotation, supplementation, outward rotation and diarrhoea, and bidirectional rotation for flat reinforcing and flat draining.
垂直方向
vertical direction
多用于按、掐、拿等手法,施于点状穴位。其补泻原则以手法的轻重定补泻,重手法为泻法,轻手法为补法,不轻不重为平补平泻。
It is mainly used for pressing, pressing and holding techniques. The principle of reinforcing and reducing the severity of the way to set up the technique for reducing diarrhea, weight, light technique for reinforcing method, not heavy and light for reinforcing reducing.
小儿推拿按摩疗法
Massage therapy for children
治疗范围广泛,效果良好,但也有一些情况不适合使用,如下:
The treatment is extensive and effective, but there are some cases that are not suitable for use.
皮肤发生烧伤、烫伤、擦伤、裂伤及生有疥疮者,局部不宜推拿。
The occurrence of skin burns, burns, abrasions, laceration and with scabies, local massage is not.
某些急性感染性疾病,如蜂窝织炎、骨结核、骨髓炎、丹毒等患者不宜推拿。
Some acute infectious diseases, such as cellulitis, osteomyelitis, bone tuberculosis, erysipelas patients should not massage.
各种恶性肿瘤、外伤、骨折、骨头脱位等患者不宜推拿。
All kinds of malignant tumors, trauma, fracture and dislocation of bone are not suitable for massage.
某种急性传染病,如急性肝炎、肺结核病等患者不宜推拿
Some acute infectious diseases, such as acute hepatitis and pulmonary tuberculosis, should not be treated by massage.

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