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影响孩子这些听力的事项你知道吗?
来源:http://www.bbtndoctor.com添加时间:2018-11-26 18:41:29
掏耳 当孩子叫嚷耳朵痒时,有些父母会信手取来发夹、短木棒、毛线针等物,甚至直接用纤长的手指甲,在孩子的耳朵里盲目掏挖。这时,只要稍有疏忽或不慎被他人碰撞,极容易戳破孩子耳道深处的薄薄的鼓膜,造成鼓膜破裂、穿孔,不仅引起耳痛、出血,而且还使外耳与中耳腔直接相通,细菌也就乘虚而入,引起感染,要知道鼓膜参与声音传导,若鼓膜穿孔会直接影响儿童听力。
When children scream about itching ears, some parents will pick up hairpins, sticks, wool needles, etc. with their hands, or even dig blindly in their children's ears with long, slender fingernails. At this time, as long as slightly negligent or inadvertent collision by others, it is very easy to pierce the thin eardrum deep in the ear canal of children, causing tympanic membrane rupture, perforation, not only cause earache, bleeding, but also make the outer ear and middle ear cavity directly connected, bacteria will also multiply into the empty, causing infection, we should know that the eardrum is involved in sound transmission, if the drum Membrane perforation can directly affect children's hearing.
中耳炎 由于耳咽管解剖结构上的特点,幼儿在伤风感冒、以平仰位置吸吮乳汁或恶心、呕吐时,常常会引起中耳腔的细菌感染,发生急性化脓性中耳炎。当中耳腔内脓液不断增多时,孩子会因耳痛加剧而大哭,中耳腔内脓液增多的压力也会引起鼓膜穿孔、破裂。如果不及时就医或治疗不彻底,会造成慢性化脓性中耳炎,如鼓膜不断遭到破坏,穿孔越来越大,对听力的影响将日趋严重。
小儿推拿按摩培训中心
Otitis media, due to the anatomical characteristics of the otopharyngeal canal, often causes bacterial infections in the middle ear cavity and acute suppurative otitis media in children with cold, breast sucking or nausea or vomiting in an elevated position. When the pus in the middle ear cavity increases continuously, the child will cry because of the aggravation of the earache. The pressure of the increased pus in the middle ear cavity will also cause the perforation and rupture of the tympanic membrane. If medical treatment is not timely or incomplete, it will cause chronic suppurative otitis media, such as continuous destruction of the tympanic membrane, more and more perforation, the impact on hearing will become increasingly serious.
药物中毒 孩子患伤风感冒、头痛发热时,如医生盲目给孩子注射链霉素、庆大霉素,卡那霉素等耳毒性药物,会导致少数过敏体质的孩子内耳听觉器官中毒,听力明显下降,甚至耳聋。如果病情发生在孩子学说话之前,孩子就可能变成聋哑人。据统计,因使用这类药物引起的耳聋占药物性耳聋的97%。因而,应尽量避免使用这些耳毒性药物。
Drug poisoning children suffering from cold, headache and fever, such as doctors blindly inject streptomycin, gentamicin, kanamycin and other ototoxic drugs to children, can lead to a small number of allergic children with inner ear hearing organ poisoning, hearing loss, and even deafness. If the illness occurs before the child learns to speak, the child may become deaf and mute. According to statistics, deafness caused by the use of these drugs accounts for 97% of drug-induced deafness. Therefore, the use of these ototoxic drugs should be avoided as far as possible.
外伤 耳外伤原因包括:孩子淘气时,有些父母盛怒之下,不分清红皂白给孩子几个巴掌;喜庆佳节,燃放的鞭炮突然在孩子耳边爆炸,巨大气浪直冲耳道内鼓膜;游泳时,孩子一侧耳朵先撞击水面;以上外伤都会造成鼓膜破裂、穿孔,直接造成听力减退。
The causes of traumatic ear injuries include: when children are naughty, some parents give their children a few slaps indiscriminately in anger; on festival, firecrackers explode suddenly in their children's ears, and huge waves rush directly into the inner eardrum of the ear canal; when swimming, one side of the child's ear first hits the water surface; the above traumas will cause the rupture and perforation of the eardrum. Holes directly cause hearing loss.
噪音 有些孩子在收看电视或收听音乐时,往往喜欢把音量开得很大;有的孩子还喜欢听立体声音乐,戴上耳机一听就是几个小时,无论在行走或做功课时都不愿取下。殊不知,长时间接触高分贝的噪音,会对内耳听觉器官的神经末梢造成不良刺激,对听力的损害也很大。
Noise Some children like to turn the volume on when they watch TV or listen to music. Others like to listen to stereo music. They wear earphones for hours and are reluctant to take them off when they walk or do their homework. It is unknown that prolonged exposure to high decibels of noise can cause adverse stimulation to the nerve endings of the inner ear auditory organs and great damage to hearing.
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