师资力量

行业新闻

当前位置:首页-行业新闻
详解小儿推拿三字经流派,扬长避短。
来源:http://www.bbtndoctor.com添加时间:2019-11-11 15:53:19
  目前国内开展较快,影响较大的小儿推拿流派,主要有三字经小儿推拿流派、张汉臣小儿推拿流派、孙重三小儿推拿流派、盲校派(又叫三分钟小儿推拿、山东快手)四大流派,四大流派都发源于山东。
  At present, there are four schools of children's massage, which are three character classic, Zhang Hanchen, sun chongsan and blind school (also called three minute children's massage and Shandong quick hand), which are all originated in Shandong Province.
  今天我们引见一下山东小儿推拿按摩培训三字经流派,大家能够在后面留言,说一下和你所学的手法、穴位有什么不同,我们经过相互印证异同,来扬长避短。
  Today, we will introduce the three word Scripture School of Shandong children's massage training center. You can leave a message at the back and say what's different from the techniques and acupoints you have learned. We have verified each other's similarities and differences to develop our strengths and avoid weaknesses.
  一、手法特征:
  I. technique features:
  a、操作简单易行;
  A. easy to operate;
  b、每穴推拿时间久;
  B. the massage time of each point is long;c推拿频率快,且浸透;
  C. The frequency of massage is fast and saturated;d、两穴联推;
  D. combined push of two acupoints;
  e、通治成人小儿。
  E. general treatment for adults and children.
  二、取穴特性:
  2. Hole characteristics:
  a、取穴少而精;
  A. few acupoints are selected and refined;b、只取手肘以下穴位;
  B. only acupoints below the elbow are taken;c、强调独穴;
  C. emphasis on single acupoint;
  d、以清见长;
  D. see the best in Qing Dynasty;
  e、替代方剂。
  E. alternative prescription.
  手法特征
  Manipulation characteristics
  1
  One
  操作简单易行:
  Easy to operate:
  三字经流派归结起来只要推、揉、拿、捣、分合、运等常用手法。这样比拟容易控制,运用也便当。请求操作时肉体集中,操作手法温和、耐久、浸透、绵绵不时。
  The Three Character Classic schools can be summed up as long as the commonly used techniques such as pushing, kneading, taking, ramming, separating and combining, and transporting. It is easy to control and use. When requesting operation, the body is concentrated, and the operation method is gentle, durable, saturated and continuous from time to time.
  2
  Two
  每穴推拿时间久:
  Massage time of each point is long:
  三字经流派采用穴位极少,又主张久推取效,普通选取的穴位推10min左右,以至更长。《推拿三字经)原文中有“大三万,小三千,婴三百,加减良”的记载,治疗年龄偏大的儿童或者成人,有时推的次数是以万计算的。强调只需取穴正确,久推必然取效。
山东小儿推拿按摩培训
  There are few acupoints used in the three character classic school, and the effect of long-term pushing is the main idea. The commonly selected acupoints are pushed for about 10 minutes, or even longer. There is a record in the original text of the three character massage Sutra that "the big is 30000, the small is 3000, the baby is 300, plus or minus is good". When treating the older children or adults, sometimes the number of pushes is calculated in 10000. It is emphasized that only correct acupoint selection is needed, and long-term promotion is bound to be effective.
  3
  Three
  推拿频率快,且浸透:
  The massage frequency is fast, and the massage is soaked:
  三字经流派的推拿频率请求较快的,普通是每分钟150次以上,特别清泻的穴位,以每分钟200次左右为适合。三字经推拿流派以为,在单位时间内加快推拿刺激的频率,会让穴位更好地透热得气,更好地推进气血运转,加速脏腑气化功用,以达疗效。当然,原文中“推求速,惟重良”道出了三字经推拿的手法要领,在到达了一定请求的频率量上,还必需手法冷静浸透才能够。
  The massage frequency of the three character Scripture school is fast, generally more than 150 times per minute, especially for the acupoints with catharsis, 200 times per minute is suitable. The three character massage school believes that accelerating the frequency of massage stimulation in unit time will make the acupoints more permeable to heat and Qi, better promote the circulation of Qi and blood, and accelerate the function of viscera gasification, so as to achieve the curative effect. Of course, in the original text, "speed is the key to good", the technique of three character massage is proposed. When reaching a certain frequency, the technique must be calm and thorough.
  4
  Four
  两穴联推:
  Two acupoints combined push:
  个别状况下,同时能够推两个穴位,如平肝清肺,同揉精宁、威灵等,两穴联推不只会节约操作时间,更像中药相须普通,加强了两穴位彼此的成效。特别平肝清肺的操作,临床应用十分多,像外感风热感冒高热的患儿,用之清泻肺热,平抑肝阳,不只可有效地退热抑热,还明显减少、控制高热惊厥的发作。
  In some cases, the two acupoints can be pushed at the same time, such as smoothing the liver and clearing the lung, kneading Jingning and Weiling, etc. the combination of the two acupoints will not only save the operation time, but also be more common like traditional Chinese medicine, and enhance the mutual effect of the two acupoints. Especially the operation of calming the liver and clearing the lung has a lot of clinical application. For example, in children with exogenous wind heat, cold and high fever, it can not only effectively reduce fever and heat, but also significantly reduce and control the attack of febrile convulsion.
  5
  Five
  通治成人小儿:
  General treatment for adults and children:
  《推拿三字经》句“徐谦光奉萱堂药无缘推拿恙”,徐谦光开端研讨推拿的伊始动机就是母亲有疾却服药即吐,不能用药物治疗,只能尝试采用推拿疗法,结果收效甚好,所以才潜心研究总结,编著了《推拿三字经》,书中内容亦是成人小儿通治,李德修在未参与中医院工作之前本已治疗了不少成人,在儿科工作以后则专治小儿。其实脏腑经络,成人小儿并无二致,不过小儿脏腑柔嫩,形气未充,正在发育当中。所谓“稚阳未充”“稚阴未足”,但是活力旺盛,虽抵御力缺乏,但特别敏感,治疗取穴,都是一样,只是治疗中以手法的轻重与时间的长短为区别。特别是手法方面,成人速而重,小儿速而轻,轻重是由于皮肤的坚嫩与觉得的敏钝而不同。推拿时间上,成人长而小儿短。
  In the first sentence of the three character massage Sutra, "Xu Qianguang's first motive of studying massage was that his mother was sick but she took medicine and vomited, so she couldn't use medicine for treatment, so she had to try massage therapy, and the result was very good, so she devoted herself to the study of the general conclusion and compiled the three character massage Sutra. The book also contains the general treatment for adults and children, and Li Dexiu didn't use it Before taking part in the work of traditional Chinese medicine hospital, many adults had been treated, and after the work of Pediatrics, children were specially treated. In fact, the viscera and meridians of adults and children are the same, but the viscera of children are tender, not full of Qi, and developing. The so-called "immature Yang is not filled" and "immature Yin is not sufficient", but it is vigorous and has a lack of resistance, but it is particularly sensitive. Acupoint selection is the same in treatment, but the difference is the weight of the manipulation and the length of time. Especially in the aspect of technique, adults are quick and heavy, children are quick and light, the weight is different due to the firmness and tenderness of skin and the sensitivity. In terms of massage time, adults are long while children are short.
  取穴特性
  Acupoint selection
  a、取穴少而精:
  A. few acupoints are selected and refined:
  三字经临证取穴普通不超越5个穴位,李德修说:“取穴不宜多,多则杂而不专。”他以为,穴位是脏腑气血的凝聚点,经过推拿的刺激,产生通经络、活气血、消瘀滞、扶正气、驱病邪的治疗作用。暖穴能催动人体生热的才能;凉穴能催动人体散热的才能;补穴能增强脏腑功用,扶助正气;泻穴能增强人体的排泄功用。因而,取穴必需少而精,若通身杂推则气血乱动,只能形成紊乱。
  The three character classic clinical acupoint selection is not more than 5 points, Li Dexiu said: "it is not appropriate to select more points, more points are miscellaneous but not specialized." In his opinion, acupoints are the agglomerating points of Zang Fu Qi and blood. After the stimulation of massage, they have the therapeutic effects of dredging meridians, activating qi and blood, eliminating stasis, Strengthening Qi and expelling pathogenic factors. Warming acupoints can stimulate the ability of human body to generate heat; cooling acupoints can stimulate the ability of human body to dissipate heat; tonifying acupoints can enhance the function of Zang Fu organs, support Qi; and reducing acupoints can enhance the function of human body's excretion. Therefore, acupoint selection must be few and precise. If the whole body is pushed, Qi and blood will move in disorder, which can only form disorder.
  b、只取手肘以下穴位:
  B. only the points below the elbow are taken:
  因三字经流派更初是通治成人小儿的,在封建社会男女授受不亲的封建思想下,医者在给异性施行推拿的时分诸多不便,只能操作手臂肘以下的穴位,经长期的临床察看,总结其不只疗效确切并且操作便当,不受天气、环境、穿着的限制,所以因循至今,现临床取穴也主要只取肘以下的穴位,很少用体穴,手前臂常用穴总共28个。
  Because the three character classic school was originally used to cure adult children. In the feudal society, under the feudal ideology of men and women's insensibility, doctors were inconvenient to massage the opposite sex. They could only operate the acupoints below the elbow of the arm. After a long-term clinical observation, they concluded that it was not only effective and easy to operate, but also not limited by the weather, environment and clothing. So far, according to the tradition, the clinical practice has taken Acupoints are mainly used below the elbow, rarely body acupoints. There are 28 commonly used acupoints in the forearm of the hand.
  c、强调独穴:
  C. emphasis on single acupoints:
  所谓“独穴”,就是指在一定状况下,临证只用一个穴位,长时间、重手法,坚持推,以得效为度,特别是对急性病更主张独穴。《推拿三字经》说“治急病,一穴良,大数万,立愈恙”。事实证明这一疗法的确有效,是其他推拿流派没有的,徐氏罗列了26个独穴,其实但凡久用无弊疗效明显的穴位都能够采作独穴。
  所谓“独穴”,就是指在一定状况下,临证只用一个穴位,长时间、重手法,坚持推,以得效为度,特别是对急性病更主张独穴。《推拿三字经》说“治急病,一穴良,大数万,立愈恙”。事实证明这一疗法的确有效,是其他推拿流派没有的,徐氏罗列了26个独穴,其实但凡久用无弊疗效明显的穴位都能够采作独穴。
  The so-called "single acupoint" refers to that in a certain situation, only one acupoint is used for clinical treatment, long-term, heavy manipulation, persistent pushing, taking the effect as the degree, especially for acute diseases. The three character massage Sutra says that "to cure an emergency, one acupoint is good, tens of thousands of acupoints are large, and the body is more and more ill.". It has been proved that this therapy is indeed effective, which is not available in other massage schools. Xu listed 26 single points. In fact, any acupoint that has been used for a long time and has no harmful effect can be used as a single point.
  d、以清见长:
  D. see the bright side:
  三字经流派常用的28个穴位中,属于凉穴的就有12个(心、肺、肝、二人上马、五指节、天河水、胃、板门、六腑、膀胱、小天心、小肠),温穴仅4个(肾、一窝风、黄蜂入洞、外劳宫),平性或其性质与操作方向有关的12个(脾、大肠、三关、阴阳、洗皂(用食、中二指分开,在鼻翼两旁推揉。)、八卦、横纹、阳池、天门、列缺、水入土、土入水)。古人谓“退下六腑替来滑石羚羊”“天河引水便同芩柏连翘”谓其性大寒,易伤人阳气;而“推三关代却麻黄肉桂”标明其性大热,易伤人阴液。但三字经流派常以退下六腑清算与调理肠胃,以清天河水调理肺卫与大肠却并未产生反作用,如徐氏以为,退六腑这一穴虽为凉穴,也非一味寒凉,同时具有壮水制火、滋阴潜阳之意,因而,兼有虚热也可用它。但温热之法却很少用之。
  Among the 28 acupoints commonly used in the Three Character Classic schools, 12 belong to the cool acupoint (heart, lung, liver, horse riding, five finger joint, Tianhe water, stomach, Banmen, six Fu organs, bladder, xiaotianxin, small intestine), only 4 (kidney, yiwofeng, wasp entering the cave, wailaogong), 12 (spleen, large intestine, Sanguan, yin and Yang, soap washing) (food, Zhonger) Fingers apart, push and rub on both sides of the nose.) , Bagua, Hengwen, Yangchi, Tianmen, Lieque, water into soil, soil into water). The ancients said that "retreat the six Fu organs to replace the talc antelope", "Tianhe water diversion will be the same as Qinbai Forsythia" that its nature is cold, easy to hurt people's Yang Qi; while "push three Guan generation but ephedra cinnamon" indicates that its nature is hot, easy to hurt people's Yin fluid. However, the three character Scripture schools often take the withdrawal of six Fu organs to clear up and regulate the intestines and stomach, and the qingtianhe River to regulate the lung and large intestine, but there is no reaction. For example, Xu thought that although the withdrawal of six Fu organs is a cool point, it is not only cold and cold, but also has the meaning of strengthening water to make fire and nourishing yin and Yang. Therefore, it can also be used for both deficiency and heat. But the warm method is rarely used.
  e、替代方剂:
  E. alternative formula:
  推拿三字经》记载:“今定独穴,以抵药房,分阴阳为水火两治汤,推三关为参附汤,退六腑为清凉散,天河水为安心丹,运八卦为调中益气汤,内劳宫为高丽清心丸,补脾土为六君子汤,揉板门为阴阳霍乱汤,清胃经为定胃汤,平肝为逍遥散,泻大肠为承气汤,清补大肠为五苓散,清补心为天补心丹,清肺经为养肺救燥汤,补肾水为六味地黄丸,清小肠为导赤散,揉二人上马为八味地黄丸,外劳宫为逐寒返魂汤,拿列缺为回生散,天门人虎口为顺气丸,阳池穴为四神丸,五经穴为大圣散,四横纹为顺气和中汤,后溪穴为人参利肠丸等。”以人们熟习的某汤头方剂类比推拿某穴位,这在小儿推拿并不提高而汤头歌诀人人会背诵的时期为推行小儿推拿发挥了一定作用。
  It is recorded in the three character massage Sutra: "today's Dingdu acupoint is used to reach the pharmacy. It is divided into water and fire soup, Shenfu Soup for pushing three passes, Qingliang powder for retreating six Fu organs, Anxin pill for Tianhe water, Tiaozhong and Yiqi Soup for carrying eight trigrams, Gaoli Qingxin pill for neilaogong, Liujunzi Decoction for nourishing spleen and earth, Yinyang cholera Soup for rubbing Banmen, Dingwei Decoction for clearing stomach, Xiaoyao Powder for smoothing liver, Chengqi Soup for purging large intestine, Qingbu large intestine is Wuling powder, qingbu heart is Tianwang Buxin pill, Qingfei Jing is Yangfei jiuzao decoction, Bushen water is Liuwei Dihuang pill, Qingchang small intestine is Daochi powder, knead two people on horse is Bawei Dihuang pill, wailaogong is zhuhan Huihun decoction, take Lieque as Huisheng powder, Tianmen people Hukou as SHUNQI pill, Yangchi point as Sishen pill, Wujing point as Dasheng powder, sihengwen as SHUNQI and Zhongtang, Houxi point For ginseng and intestines pill, etc The analogy of massage on a acupoint with a prescription of Tangtou, which is familiar to people, has played a certain role in promoting children's massage in the period when children's massage is not improved and everyone can recite Tangtou rhyme.
  特征疗法:独穴治病
  Characteristic therapy: single point therapy三字经流派以为但凡久推无害、疗效明显的穴位,都可用作独穴治病。临床常用的有:
  The three character classic school thinks that any acupoint that has been pushed for a long time and has obvious curative effect can be used as a single acupoint treatment. Commonly used in clinic:
  (1)清补大肠治疗泻痢:大肠经用清法多,补法少,主治腹泻;慢性泄泻、痢疾,先清后补,只推该穴可愈。
  (1) treatment of diarrhea by clearing and tonifying the large intestine: the large intestine has more methods of clearing and less methods of tonifying, mainly treating diarrhea; chronic diarrhea and dysentery, first clearing and then tonifying, only pushing the point can be cured.
  (2)揉阳池治头痛:阳池左右揉同数,头痛不管寒热真假皆效。
  (2) knead Yang pool to treat headache: knead the same number of Yang pool left and right, headache is effective regardless of whether it is true or not.
  (3)推四横纹治腹胀:四横纹来回推,开脏腑寒热,治腹胀。
  (3) push four stripes to treat abdominal distention: push four stripes back and forth to open the viscera and heat and treat abdominal distention.
  (4)拿列缺开窍发表:列缺用拿法,发汗、解表、通窍之要穴。
  (4) publication of the opening of the orifices of naleique: the key points of taking the method, sweating, relieving the surface and opening the orifices of naleique.
  (5)捣小天心治惊风:小天心用捣法,上下左右捣或直捣,治惊风,通经络。
  (5) small Tianxin is used to control the wind: small Tianxin is used to control the wind and dredge meridians.
  (6)揉掌小横纹治咳嗽:掌小横纹在小指掌指关节上方,尺侧掌纹头,揉之治咳嗽。
  (6) rubbing the small transverse lines of palms to treat cough: the small transverse lines of palms are above the joints of palms and fingers of small fingers, and the head of palms on the ulnar side is rubbed to treat cough.
  (7)运内八卦调理气机:内八卦顺运宽胸利膈,助运化;逆运降肺气。
  (7) Qi regulating mechanism of internal eight trigrams: internal eight trigrams can be used to smooth the movement, widen the chest and benefit the diaphragm, help the movement, and reduce lung qi.
  (8)清天河水祛内外热:天河水清心除烦,并能泻热解表。
  (8) clear Tianhe water to remove internal and external heat: Tianhe water can clear the heart and remove the annoyance, and reduce the pyrolysis surface.
  (9)退六腑泻真假火:六腑凉穴代表,主治炽热上炎,除通腑外,还治头、目、牙、耳疼痛,实火,虚火亦可。
  (9) expel the true and false fire in the six Fu organs: the cold points in the six Fu organs are the representatives, which are mainly used for the treatment of inflamed upper inflammation. In addition to clearing the Fu organs, they are also used for the treatment of head, eye, tooth and ear pain. The real fire is the best, and the deficiency fire is also acceptable.
  (10)揉外劳宫治下焦虚寒、蛔虫性肠梗阻:外劳官左右揉同数,善治下焦寒:外劳宫多推久推,还可治疗蛔虫性肠梗阻。
  (10) kneading the external labor palace to treat the lower Jiao deficiency cold and ascaris intestinal obstruction: the external labor officials knead the same number to the left and right, and are good at treating the lower Jiao cold; the external labor palace pushes for a long time, and can also treat the ascaris intestinal obstruction.
  (1l)揉一窝风治风寒感冒、腹痛:一窝风左右揉同数,主治风寒鼻流清涕或腹部受寒疼痛。
  (1L) knead one wind to cure cold and abdominal pain: knead one wind to the left and right for the same number, mainly to cure cold, nose, clear tears or abdominal cold pain.
  (12)揉二人上马治肾虚先天缺乏:二人上马左右揉同数,治肾气先天缺乏,并能退虚热。
  (12) knead two people to cure the congenital deficiency of kidney deficiency: knead the same number of two people to cure the congenital deficiency of kidney qi, and can relieve the deficiency fever.
  (13)清肝经治肝郁气滞:肝经位于食指掌面,从指根推向指尖为清肝经,治肝气郁滞,心烦喜怒,口苦咽干,腹胀纳减。
  (13) treatment of liver stagnation and qi stagnation by Clearing Liver Meridian: liver meridian is located on the palm of index finger, which is pushed from the root of finger to the tip of finger. It is used to treat liver stagnation, upset, happy and angry, bitter mouth, dry throat, and reduced abdominal distension.
  (14)补脾经健脾助运治厌食、久咳:屈指上推为补,功同四君,若慢性咳嗽,日久不愈,也要用补脾经,以补母(脾)生子(肺)。来回推为清补。
  (14) invigorating the spleen and strengthening the spleen to assist in the treatment of anorexia and chronic cough: bending the fingers and pushing upward is the same as the four monarchs. If you cough chronically and do not recover for a long time, you should also use invigorating the spleen and meridians to invigorate the mother (spleen) and give birth to children (lungs). Push back and forth to clear up.
  (15)清胃经泻胃肠热:胃经用清,泻胃火、清肠热。
  (15) clearing stomach channel and reducing gastrointestinal heat: clearing stomach channel, purging stomach fire and clearing intestine heat.
  (16)清小肠利小便:小肠在小指外侧,多用清法(从指根推至指尖,与上推为补相反),与导赤散同功。
  (16) clearing the small intestine for defecation: the small intestine is on the outside of the little finger, and the method of clearing the small intestine is often used (pushing from the root of the finger to the tip of the finger, as opposed to pushing upward for tonic), which is the same as guiding Chi powder.
  (17)揉板门治上吐下泻:板门不管真假,上吐下泻皆可揉之。
  (17) knead the board door to cure diarrhea: whether the board door is true or not, diarrhea can be kneaded.
  (18)掐五指节调和气血:五指节即五指背各指间关节纹,揉、捻并掐之,以此和气血。
  (18) pinching five knuckles to harmonize qi and blood: five knuckles are the joint lines between fingers on the back of five fingers, which are kneaded, twisted and pinched to mix Qi and blood.
  文中提到的山东小儿推拿各大流派,大同小异,但又各有所长,都是经过长期临床理论经历所得,很多时分固然手法不同,但是却有异曲同工之妙,都能到达治病救人的果效。所以需求我们相互印证,扬长避短,灵敏运用。
  The major schools of children's massage in Shandong mentioned in this paper are similar, but they have their own advantages. They are all obtained through long-term clinical theoretical experience. Many times, although the techniques are different, they have the same skills, which can achieve the effect of curing the disease and saving people. Therefore, we need to confirm each other's strengths, avoid weaknesses and use them sensitively.
  本文来自:山东小儿推拿按摩培训,更多的相关内容请点击:http://www.bbtndoctor.com我们欢迎您的访问。
  This article is from Shandong children massage training center. For more information, please click http://www.bbtndoctor.com. We welcome you to visit.
 

上一篇:立冬将至,小儿推拿和节气有什么关系?
下一篇:小儿推拿培训中心分享小儿舌诊教学



扫码报名

扫码了解更多

扫码咨询