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小儿推拿培训中心分享小儿舌诊教学
来源:http://www.bbtndoctor.com添加时间:2019-11-12 15:32:49
  经过舌诊,我们能够比拟直接理解孩子的大致安康情况,关于疾病开展,心里会有数,很多时分恐慌,是由于我们未知,由于恐慌,我们会做出很多错误的护理和用药。
  After tongue diagnosis, we can directly understand the general situation of children's health. We will have a clear idea about the development of the disease. Many times of panic, because we don't know, because of panic, we will make a lot of wrong nursing and medication.
  本篇文章有点长,但是十分适用细致,倡议花五分钟看完,或者珍藏。
  This article is a little long, but it's very suitable and meticulous. I suggest you take five minutes to read it or to collect it.
  为什么经过舌头能够理解疾病?
  Why is disease understood through the tongue?
  “舌为心之外候”。这个“候”字,就是征象、迹象的意义。而心是人体的“君主之官”,是各种生命活动的主宰,既然如此,那么作为其“外候”的舌,自然也就可以反映出人体的整个生命活动的情况。
  "The tongue is outside the heart". The word "Hou" is the meaning of signs. The heart is the "official of the monarch" of the human body and the master of all kinds of life activities. In this case, as its "external waiting" tongue, it can naturally reflect the whole life activities of the human body.
  什么是舌质(舌体)和舌苔?
  What is the tongue (body) and coating?
  舌质:又称为舌体,是舌的肌肉和脉络组织。
  Tongue quality: also known as tongue body, is the muscle and vein tissue of tongue.
  舌苔:是掩盖于舌体上的苔状物。
  Tongue coating: it is a kind of coating on the tongue.
  舌体与疾病有什么关系?
  What is the relationship between tongue body and disease?
  舌体的颜色主要和舌体所含的丰厚的血液有关,正常状况下呈淡红色。
  The color of the tongue is mainly related to the rich blood contained in the tongue, which is reddish under normal conditions.
  而舌体颜色的改动当然也就跟舌体的动脉供血有着亲密的关系。
  Of course, the change of tongue color is closely related to the arterial blood supply of tongue.
  供血缺乏会招致舌体颜色变浅。
  A lack of blood supply can cause the tongue to become lighter.
  供血太过会招致舌体颜色加深。
  Too much blood supply will cause tongue color to deepen.
  血液瘀滞则会使舌体颜色加深而且带有暗黑的色泽。
  Blood stasis will make the tongue darker and darker.
  淡白舌反响了什么?
  What is the response of bland tongue?
  舌体颜色比正常的淡红色要浅淡,以至全无血色,称为淡白舌。
  The color of the tongue is lighter than the normal light red, so that there is no blood color. It is called light white tongue.
  淡白舌是舌体动脉供血缺乏惹起的,如血液亏少、血压低等缘由招致舌体动脉供血缺乏。
  Pale white tongue is caused by the lack of blood supply of the lingual artery, such as the lack of blood, low blood pressure and other reasons leading to the lack of blood supply of the lingual artery.
  我们讲过,体内气血的生成主要靠脾的运化功用,而血液在血管中正常运转所需求的推进力,又主要依托体内的阳气来完成,所以淡白舌的呈现,常见于两种状况。
  We have said that the generation of Qi and blood in the body mainly depends on the function of the spleen, and the propulsion required for the normal operation of blood in the blood vessels is mainly completed by the Yang Qi in the body, so the presentation of pale tongue is common in two situations.
  一是脾虚运化无力,招致体内气血缺乏,或是久病重病、大出血等招致体内气血过度耗损;
  One is that the spleen deficiency is unable to transport and transform, which leads to the deficiency of Qi and blood in the body, or the excessive consumption of Qi and blood in the body caused by long-term illness, serious disease and massive hemorrhage;
  二是阳气虚弱,无力推进血液运转。
  Second, Yang Qi is weak, unable to promote blood circulation.
  红舌反响了什么?
  What does the red tongue reflect?
  红舌正好和淡白舌相反,是比淡红色要深,以至呈鲜红色的,称为红舌。红舌是舌体动脉过度充血所惹起,而舌体动脉过度充血的缘由,大多是血液循环速度加快,所以红舌多见于各种发热性疾病,常见的如炽热内生、外感热邪等。
  Red tongue is just opposite to pale white tongue. It is deeper than pale red, and even bright red. It is called red tongue. Red tongue is caused by excessive hyperemia of lingual artery, and the cause of excessive hyperemia of lingual artery is mostly the acceleration of blood circulation, so red tongue is often seen in various febrile diseases, such as hot endogenous, exogenous heat evil, etc.
  虚热和实热
  Deficiency heat and excess heat
  假如再分离舌体外表的舌苔,我们就能分辨这种热证是虚热还是实热。红舌兼有黄厚苔的,多属实热证;红舌兼少苔无苔,或舌苔上有裂纹的,常常属虚热证。
  If we separate the tongue coating on the surface of the tongue body, we can distinguish whether the heat syndrome is deficiency heat or excess heat. If the red tongue has both yellow and thick fur, it is mostly true heat syndrome; if the red tongue has both little fur and no fur, or there are cracks on the fur, it is often deficiency heat syndrome.
  舌苔与疾病有什么关系?
  What is the relationship between tongue coating and disease?
  舌苔是水谷精气(饮食经过脾胃消化后构成的精微物质)升腾于舌上的一种表现,正常状况下,质地不厚不薄,能够隐隐看到下面淡红色的舌体,颜色呈淡白色。
山东小儿推拿按摩培训中心
  Tongue coating is a kind of expression that water, grain, essence and Qi (the essence of food digested by the spleen and stomach) rise on the tongue. Under normal conditions, the texture is not thick or thin, and the light red tongue body below can be seen faintly, and the color is light white.
  在疾病状态下,各种外来邪气或内生邪气使脾胃精气的升腾遭到影响,就会使舌苔会呈现各种变化。这种变化能够分为两类,一是颜色的变化,二是质地的变化。
  In the state of disease, all kinds of external or internal evil will affect the rise and rise of spleen and stomach essence, which will lead to various changes of tongue coating. This kind of change can be divided into two categories, one is the change of color, the other is the change of texture.
  舌苔的颜色与质地的变化是判别疾病的寒热性质、人体脾胃精气盛衰、体内秽浊物质几的重要根据。
  The change of color and texture of tongue coating is an important basis to distinguish the cold and hot nature of disease, the rise and fall of spleen and stomach essence, and the foul matter in the body.
  舌苔的颜色变化反响了什么?
  What does the color change of tongue coating reflect?
  舌苔的颜色变化,常常和“热”有关,为什么这么说呢?
  The color change of tongue coating is often related to "heat". Why do you say so?
  我们能够用一个模拟饮食消化过程的例子来解释这个问题。把米和水放在锅中加热,在恰当的火候下,经过一定时间生米煮成熟饭,米饭烧熟时呈现一种晶莹的白色,假如继续加热,米饭会逐步焦黄直至变为黑炭。
  We can use an example to explain this problem. Heat the rice and water in the pot, and cook the cooked rice in proper heat for a certain period of time. When the rice is cooked, it will present a kind of crystal white. If you continue to heat it, the rice will gradually scorch yellow until it becomes black carbon.
  人体的脾胃是消化饮食的主要场所,水饮和食物在胃(就好比是烧饭的锅子)中混合,经过脾的运化和胃的腐熟(这就好比是灶下的火)使食物成为人体能够应用的水谷精气(就好比烧熟的来饭),水谷精气升腾于舌面而显现出一种薄白润泽的颜色。
  The spleen and stomach of the human body is the main place for digesting food. Water and food are mixed in the stomach (like a cooking pot). After the transportation of the spleen and the ripening of the stomach (like the fire under the stove), the food becomes the essence of the water grain that the human body can use (like the cooked rice). The essence of the water grain rises to the surface of the tongue and shows a thin, white and moist color.
  假如水谷精气遭到内外邪热的煎熬则就会招致舌苔颜色呈现黄、灰、黑的变化(就好比烧熟的米饭继续加热会逐步变为焦黑),由于邪热耗伤体内津液,所以,在舌苔呈现颜色变化的同时还必然伴有枯燥、糙裂、缺乏润泽的质地改动。
  If the essence of shuigu is suffering from internal and external evil heat, the color of the tongue coating will change from yellow, gray and black (just like the cooked rice will gradually turn to scorched black if it is heated continuously). Because the evil heat will damage the body fluid, the color change of the tongue coating will inevitably be accompanied by the dry, rough and lack of moist texture change.
  舌苔的润燥反响了什么?
  What is the response of the moist dryness of tongue coating?
  舌苔的润燥主要反映了体内的津液情况。
  The dryness of tongue coating mainly reflects the body fluid.
  舌苔滋养,阐明体内津液充足;
  The tongue coating nourishes and clarifies that the body fluid is sufficient;
  舌苔枯燥,阐明津液亏耗。
  The tongue coating is dry, indicating the body fluid loss.
  01、燥苔
  01. Dry moss
  依据津液亏耗的水平,舌苔枯燥的水平也就有差异,表现出来的质感也会不同。假如津液轻度损伤,表现为舌苔枯燥,看上去枯槁不润泽,摸上去缺乏水分,在中医上也称为“燥苔”。
  According to the level of body fluid depletion, the level of tongue coating dryness will be different, and the texture will be different. If the body fluid is slightly damaged, the tongue coating is dry, looks haggard and not moist, and feels lack of water, it is also called "dry coating" in traditional Chinese medicine.
  02、糙苔
  02. Coarse fur
  津液中度损伤,表现为舌苔枯燥,舌苔粗糙如砂石,摸上去粗糙不平,中医也称为“糙苔”。
  The body fluid is moderately damaged, which is characterized by dull tongue coating, rough tongue coating like sandstone, rough touch, also known as "rough coating" in traditional Chinese medicine.
  03、燥裂苔
  03. Dry split moss
  津液重度损伤,则舌苔枯燥板硬,呈现裂纹,就像大旱之后土地龟裂一样,这时的舌苔中医称为“燥裂苔”。
  When the body fluid is severely damaged, the tongue coating is dry and hard, showing cracks, just like the land cracks after the drought. At this time, the tongue coating is called "dry split coating" by Chinese medicine.
  04、滑苔
  04. Slippery coating
  假如舌部过于滋养,舌苔看上去湿滑乳腻,以至涎流欲滴的,这是体内水湿过多的表现,这种舌苔,中医称为“滑苔”。
  If the tongue is too nourishing, the tongue coating looks wet, smooth and creamy, and even the saliva is drippy, this is the expression of too much water in the body. This kind of tongue coating is called "slippery coating" in traditional Chinese medicine.
  舌苔的厚薄反响了什么?
  What does the thickness of the tongue reflect?
  舌苔的厚薄主要反映了体内秽浊物质的几。
  The thickness of tongue coating mainly reflects the amount of foul matter in the body.
  正常的舌苔,是由水谷精气向上升腾而在舌面上构成的一层薄白色的苔状物,透过这层舌苔能够看到下面淡红色的舌体。
  The normal tongue coating is a thin white coating formed by the rising of water valley essence on the tongue surface. Through this coating, you can see the light red tongue below.
  当疾病较轻较浅,没有影响到脾胃对饮食的消化时,舌苔常常以薄为主。
  When the disease is light and shallow and does not affect the digestion of the spleen and stomach, the tongue coating is usually thin.
  而当疾病招致脾胃运化腐熟功用削弱,饮食不能正常消化,在体内异常积聚而构成各种秽浊物质,这些秽浊物质向上熏蒸于舌面,就会招致舌苔的增厚。
  However, when the disease leads to the weakening of the function of spleen and stomach transportation and maturity, the diet can not be digested normally, and the abnormal accumulation in the body constitutes a variety of foul substances, which will lead to the thickening of tongue coating if they are fumigated on the surface of the tongue.
  如何判别舌苔能否偏厚?
  How to judge the thickness of tongue coating?
  区别厚苔和薄苔的规范就是能不能“见底”,所谓“见底”就是指透过舌苔能够隐隐看到下面的舌体。
  The criterion to distinguish thick fur from thin fur is to "see the bottom". The so-called "see the bottom" means to see the tongue below through the fur.
  ▲ 正常舌苔
  ▲ normal tongue coating
  假如透过舌苔不能看到下面的舌体的,我们就称之为厚苔。
  If we can't see the tongue through the tongue coating, we call it thick coating.
  厚苔依据其颗粒的粗细以及质地的细腻水平,又有腐、腻的区别。
  Thick moss has the difference of rotten and greasy according to the thickness of its particles and the fine level of its texture.
  01、腐苔
  01, rotten moss
  舌苔颗粒粗大疏松,如豆腐渣堆积在舌面,揩之可去的,我们称为“腐苔”;腐苔主要是体内秽浊物质(如饮食积滞不化、痈疡等疾病产生的腐致物质等)在舌面上的反映。
  The particles of tongue coating are coarse and loose, such as tofu dregs accumulated on the surface of the tongue, which can be removed by wiping, we call it "rotten coating"; rotten coating mainly reflects the rotten substances in the body (such as the rotten substances produced by food stagnation, carbuncle and other diseases) on the surface of the tongue.
  02、腻苔
  02. Greasy fur
  假如舌苔颗粒细腻致密,揩之不去,刮之不脱,并且上面附着有一层油腻状黏液的,称为“腻苔”。腻苔则是体内水湿过多在舌面上的表现。
  If the tongue coating particles are fine and dense, and can not be wiped off or scraped off, and there is a layer of greasy mucus attached to it, it is called "greasy coating". Greasy fur is the expression of excessive moisture in the body on the surface of the tongue.
  舌苔的剥落阐明了什么?
  What does the peeling of tongue coating illustrate?
  正常的舌苔是人体水谷精气在舌面上的表现,而水谷精气的构成又依赖于脾胃对饮食的运化和腐熟功用,所以,舌苔的剥落是脾胃精气受损、水谷精气无法升腾到舌面的一种意味。
  The normal tongue coating is the expression of the body's water valley essence on the surface of the tongue, and the composition of the water valley essence depends on the function of the spleen and stomach on the operation and maturity of the diet. Therefore, the peeling off of the tongue coating is a kind of meaning that the spleen and stomach essence is damaged and the water valley essence cannot rise to the surface of the tongue.
  舌苔颜色和质地相分离,如何来判别疾病?
  How to distinguish the disease when the color and texture of tongue coating are separated?
  薄白苔。这是正常的舌苔类型,假如疾病较浅较轻,没有影响到脾胃的正常功用,体内没有秽浊物质积聚的,常常表现为这种舌苔。
  Thin white fur. This is a normal type of tongue coating. If the disease is shallow and mild, it does not affect the normal function of the spleen and stomach, and there is no accumulation of foul matter in the body, it is often manifested as this kind of tongue coating.
  01、白厚苔或白腐苔
  01. White thick moss or white rot moss
  腐苔和厚苔都是体内水湿秽浊之气熏蒸于舌面的一种反映,而白色又标明体内没有热象或是有内寒,所以白厚苔或白腐苔是机体阳气不旺、水湿内停或饮食积滞的一种反映。
  Rotten moss and thick moss are both a reflection of the body's moist and dirty air fumigating on the surface of the tongue, while white indicates that there is no heat or internal cold in the body, so white thick moss or white rotten moss is a reflection of the body's Yang Qi is not strong, the water is wet and stops or the diet is stagnant.
  02、黄腻苔
  02. Yellow putty
  黄是热的反映,腻是水湿的意味,所以黄腻苔所主的疾病,在中医上称为“湿热”。湿热的构成,常常和脾胃功用以及饮食成分有着很大的关系。
  Yellow is the reflection of heat, and greasy is the meaning of water dampness, so the disease of yellow greasy moss is called "Damp heat" in traditional Chinese medicine. The constitution of dampness and heat is often related to the function of spleen and stomach and the composition of diet.
  往常生活条件好了,饮食中高脂肪、高蛋白的东西多了,这些高脂肪、高蛋白的东西过多摄入体内,则会影响脾胃正常的运化腐熟功用,在体内构成积聚不化的秽浊物质——痰湿。
  As usual, the living conditions are good, and there are more high-fat and high protein things in the diet. If these high-fat and high protein things are taken into the body too much, they will affect the normal function of the spleen and stomach, and form the accumulation of dirty substances in the body phlegm dampness.
  痰湿在体内积聚的时间长了会郁积而发热,就好比一堆渣滓,长时间不处置的话,就会发酵而产生热量,这种湿与热兼并在一同的状态,就是“湿热”。
  Phlegm dampness accumulated in the body for a long time will accumulate and generate heat, just like a pile of dregs. If it is not disposed of for a long time, it will ferment and generate heat. This state of combination of dampness and heat is "Damp heat".
  03、薄黄苔
  03. Thin yellow moss
  苔色变黄,而舌苔的质地依然为薄苔。黄主热证,苔薄则证明邪气表浅,没有影响到脾胃,体内没有秽浊物质积聚,所以薄黄苔常常是热在肌表(如感冒发热、皮肤软组织感染发热等)的表现。
  The fur turns yellow, but the texture of the tongue coating is still thin. Yellow dominates the heat syndrome, and thin fur proves that the evil Qi is superficial, does not affect the spleen and stomach, and there is no accumulation of foul matter in the body. Therefore, thin yellow fur is often the manifestation of heat on the skin surface (such as cold and fever, skin and soft tissue infection and fever).
  舌不同区域代表什么?
  What are the different regions of the tongue?
  将舌划分为舌尖,舌中和舌根三局部,并将这三个局部分别和人体的三焦相对应,即舌尖和上焦对应,舌中和中焦对应,舌根和下焦对应,不同部位呈现异常舌苔,也就反映了疾病所在的不同部位。
  The tongue is divided into three parts: the tip of the tongue, the tongue and the root of the tongue, and these three parts correspond to the three focal points of the human body respectively, that is, the tip of the tongue corresponds to the upper focal point, the tongue corresponds to the middle focal point, the root of the tongue corresponds to the lower focal point, and different parts present abnormal tongue coating, which reflects the different parts of the disease.
  比方说舌中呈现腻苔,就标明水湿停留在中焦(如脾胃),假如舌根呈现腻苔,则标明水湿停留在下焦(如膀胱、肾),等等。
  For example, if there is greasy fur in the tongue, it indicates that the water stays in the middle jiao (such as spleen and stomach), if there is greasy fur in the tongue root, it indicates that the water stays in the lower jiao (such as bladder, kidney), etc.
  本文来自:山东小儿推拿按摩培训中心,更多的相关内容请点击:http://www.bbtndoctor.com我们欢迎您的访问。
  This article is from Shandong children massage training center. For more information, please click http://www.bbtndoctor.com. We welcome you to visit.

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