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小儿咽炎的小儿推拿按摩方法
来源:http://www.bbtndoctor.com添加时间:2019-11-25 17:37:21
  小儿咽炎是小儿常见病症,小儿免疫力低下,容易造成咽炎,不想让小孩子吃药以免产生抗药性,可以采用小儿推拿按摩来缓解和治疗小儿咽炎,接下来小编就详细的和大家说一下小儿咽炎的按摩办法。
  Children's pharyngitis is a common disease of children. Children's immunity is low, which is easy to cause pharyngitis. Children don't want to take medicine to avoid drug resistance. They can use children's massage to relieve and treat children's pharyngitis. Next, we will talk about the massage methods of children's pharyngitis in detail.
山东小儿推拿按摩培训中心
  小儿咽炎症状:咽部异物感、咽痛、刺激性咳嗽、痰液粘稠不易咳出、发热、厌食、声音嘶哑
  Symptoms of pharyngitis in children: foreign body sensation, sore throat, irritant cough, thick sputum, fever, anorexia, hoarseness
  什么是咽炎?
  What is pharyngitis?
  咽炎是指咽部粘膜、粘膜下组织和淋巴组织的感染性疾患。常由鼻炎向下蔓延所致,也可继发于上呼吸道感染之后,也有开始即发生于咽部者。现代医学把本病分为急性和慢性两种。急性咽炎反复发作或由于环境中某些因素长期刺激可转为慢性咽炎;其致病因素为病毒传染,以柯萨奇病毒、腺病毒、副流感病毒引起者更多;细菌感染,以链球菌、葡萄球菌和肺炎双球菌为主;或受粉尘、有害气体的刺激;长期张口呼吸及鼻涕后流,经常刺激咽部损伤咽粘膜而患病,中医学认为本病多由风热邪毒侵袭咽喉部,或胃府素有郁热,上冲咽喉,或虚火上炎所导致。常见症状为急性咽炎起病较急,初起时咽部干燥、灼热,继而出现咽痛,吞咽唾液时往往比进食时更为明显,唾液增多,全身症状一般较轻,可有发热、头痛、食欲不振和四肢酸痛等。转为慢性咽炎后可见咽部呈慢性充血,咽部可有各种不适感觉,如发痒、灼热、干燥、异物感等。分泌物粘稠,常附于咽后壁。声音嘶哑,常以晨起为重,声粗甚至失音。
  Pharyngitis is an infectious disease of pharyngeal mucosa, submucosa and lymphoid tissue. It is often caused by the downward spread of rhinitis. It can also be secondary to upper respiratory tract infection. It also occurs in the pharynx at the beginning. Modern medicine divides the disease into acute and chronic. Acute pharyngitis can be turned into chronic pharyngitis due to repeated attack or long-term stimulation of some factors in the environment; its pathogenic factors are viral infection, most of which are caused by Coxsackie virus, adenovirus and parainfluenza virus; bacterial infection, mainly caused by Streptococcus, Staphylococcus and pneumococcus; or stimulated by dust and harmful gases; long-term mouth breathing and nasal discharge, often stimulating the pharynx In traditional Chinese medicine, most of the diseases are caused by the invasion of wind heat toxin to the throat, or by the stagnation of heat in the stomach, the uprush of the throat, or the deficiency of fire. The common symptoms are acute pharyngitis with acute onset. At the beginning, the pharynx is dry and hot, followed by pharyngeal pain. When swallowing saliva, it is often more obvious than when eating. Saliva is increased, and the general symptoms are generally light, including fever, headache, loss of appetite and limb pain. After turning to chronic pharyngitis, it can be seen that the pharynx is chronic hyperemia, and the pharynx can have various uncomfortable feelings, such as itching, burning, drying, foreign body feeling, etc. The secretion is thick and often attached to the posterior pharyngeal wall. Hoarse voice, often to get up in the morning as a heavy, thick voice or even aphasia.
  小儿咽炎的按摩方法
  Massage method of pharyngitis in children
  按摩方法一
  Massage method 1
  1.常用手法
  1. Common techniques
  (1)患儿坐位或仰卧,家长以拇、食、中三指挤捏天突穴30~50次,然后,以拇指指腹轻轻按揉1分钟.
  (1) when the child sits or lies on his back, the parents squeeze the acupoint of Tiantu 30-50 times with thumb, food and middle fingers, and then gently press and knead the abdomen of thumb for 1 minute
  (2)患儿坐位或俯卧,家长以拇指掐按风府穴1分钟,然后自上向下按揉颈部,反复操作2~5分钟。
  (2) when the child is sitting or lying on his or her face, the parents pinch the Fengfu point with their thumb for 1 minute, then massage the neck from top to bottom, and repeat the operation for 2-5 minutes.
  (3)以指按压肩井穴1分钟。
  (3) press the shoulder well with fingers for 1 minute.
  (4)按揉曲池、合谷穴各1分钟。
  (4) knead Quchi and Hegu points for 1 minute respectively.
  穴位定位及功效图解:
  Point positioning and efficacy diagram:
  天突穴
  Tian Tu acupoint
  取穴方法:取穴时,可采用仰靠坐位的姿势,天突穴位于颈部,当前正中线上,两锁骨中间,胸骨上窝。
  Method of acupoint selection: when acupoints are selected, the posture of reclining and sitting position can be used. Tiantu acupoint is located in the neck, the current median line, the middle of the two clavicles, and the center of the upper sternal fossa.
  主治病症:天突穴的主治病症为:打嗝、咳嗽、呕吐、神经性呕吐、咽喉炎、扁桃体炎、喉咙的疾病。此穴位为人体任脉上的主要穴道之一。
  Indications: the indications of Tiantu point are: burping, cough, vomiting, nervous vomiting, pharyngitis, tonsillitis and throat diseases. This acupoint is one of the main acupoints on the Ren meridian of human body.

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